Bureaucratic Reform and the Challenge of Good Governance Implementation in Indonesia



Bureaucratic reformation is the fundamental structuring efforts are expected to have an impact on changing systems and structures. The system deals with the relationship between the unsure or the element that influence each other and are associated to make a form totally. The change in one element can influence the other elements in the system. The structure relates with the order of who arrayed a regular basis and systematically. Structure changes is also included with the mechanism and procedure, human resources, facilities and infrastructure, organisation and organisation’s environment in terms of the achievement of the efficiency of government bureaucracy. These changes include allowing all of the aspects of the bureaucracy has sufficient capacity to carry out the duties and the basic function. Bureaucratic failure in a term for service the public until now represent poor governance both at central and local government level. The urgency of bureaucratic reform in Indonesia is driven by a number of important note. First, the increased apparatus expenditure is caused by increased of apparatus recruitment without unmeasured control. Second, the ballooning cost of democracy (election) affected the floated of local government budget have increased significantly. Unfortunately, these competition is not born the good leadership for local government. The magnitude of the election budget and the impact on governmental bureaucracy resulted not ready to close the budget deficit. More than these bureaucracy has loyalty dilemma caused by dispersed of concentration in every election’s activity. Third, increased of develop the bureaucratic organisation without planning and analysis of the measured trigger financing and recruitment of apparatus that not less. As a result, the bureaucracy in most areas are overload, or even lack in outside of Java. In other side, less of local incomes make dependence to central government, while the local government expenditure is too far from efficiency, even tend to be less controlled due to the high cost of the organisation. Fourth, extensive corrupt behaviour in almost all public sector bureaucracy encourages lose confidence as a public servant. Fifth, lack of oversight resulted in most local governments tend to be consumptive, wasteful and lacking focus. The problem are how to reform the bureaucracy, what the obstacles to reform the bureaucracy, and how about the better reform bureaucracy design to minimalize the extensive problem?

Keywords: Bureaucratic Reformation, bureaucracy design, local government, Good Governance

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