Martial Law in Polomolok 1972 – 1986: A Study of its Effects to Local Government and Policies



The martial law imposed by late Philippine President Ferdinand
Marcos affected the national government of the country and needless
to say it also affected even the local governments of municipalities
through its laws and implementation. This study aims to analyze
how martial law affected the local government of Polomolok,
South Cotabato as an emerging municipality in Southern Philippines
(Dole Philippines was established in Polomolok on December
1963 thus driving Polomolok’s economy to new heights) and how
the martial law inflicted human rights violations through the Ilaga
(led by the Manero brothers) which were considered as part of the
government’s Integrated Civilian Home Defense Forces (ICHDF)
as it was established to counter rural insurgencies perpetrated by
either the Communists in Northern Luzon and in Southern
Mindanao the Muslim secessionists, the Black shirts. This study
will primarily be based on oral interviews with key respondents
and other respondents that may corroborate or give additional
information for the fulfillment and development of this study, also
archival research will be applied. Furthermore, this study will aim
to unveil the local history of Polomolok during martial law and be
part of the national story of the Philippines during those years due
to the rareness of literatures and histories written in light of martial
law in provincial and/or rural areas in the Philippine South.

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Department of Public Administration
Room A5 Floor 7th Rattanapittaya Building
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences,
Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand

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