Conflict Resolution: Applying the Zoning Formula Model to Resolve Biafra Agitation

ISAAC TERUNGWA TERWASE, ASMAT NIZAM ABDUL-TALIB, RATNARIA WAHID, GLORIA SAMDI PULDU, NFOR ERIC SIBEN, OLUBUKOLA S. ADESINA, DANIEL GODWIN

Abstract


Zoning and rotation of power was designed to enshrine peaceful co-existence especially amongst diversity of ethnic nationalities as well as those with different religious and regional backgrounds. In Nigeria, the country is known to have the largest population in Africa. It is a State with different ethnic nationalities across the geo-political zones. Zoning became a tool as used in 1999-2007 to enshrined peaceful co-existence between the Nigerian people whom are known to have different ethnic, religious and regional backgrounds. The quest for political power and the control of the seat of power in the country’s capital, Abuja, became a political tussle. The research paper seeks to investigate the role of the zoning formula model on how it could be used to resolve the continuous agitations for the control of the Nigeria’s seat of power, the presidency, especially with the new agitation for the creation of Biafra Republic as spearheaded by some quarters from the South-East Region of Nigeria. The work made use of qualitative research through the conduct of interviews, as well as the review of previous literature. The findings revealed that, each of the six-geopolitical zones in Nigeria needs to have a representation within the top six positions of the country’s leadership. Thus, zoning formula model would be a panacea for resolving conflict between the different ethnic nationalities with different religious and regional backgrounds. The paper recommends Nigeria to apply the zoning formula model as attributed to this research to resolve the conflict therein.

Keywords: Conflict Resolution, Nigeria, Zoning Formula Model, Biafra Agitation.


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