Conflict Between Societies and Companies in the Context of Ownership



The research aims to describe the agrarian conflict in Central Borneo and to analyze the agrarian conflict resolution practices in an appropriate way. The agrarian conflict in Central Borneo was caused by various factors, Firstly, inequality in spatial planning of forestry and the overlapping of ownership. Second, the expansion of oil palm plantation is increasing every years, and the government has the ambition to make oil palm plantation the main commodity in Central Borneo. Every years there are so many conflicts, but this research is divided into four types, the conflict between community and company, community and community, company and state, and community and state. Conflict over land and natural resources often occurs where there is an overlapping of resource interests among groups, communities, and state. Therefore, a hypothesis is discussed with reference to finding a sustainability method of oil palm plantation with regard for the environment, social, and cultural aspects. Second, the expansion of oil palm plantation, without damage to the forest zone, and third, strengthening the spatial planning of forestry, operational regulation to support and protect land ownership.

Keywords: Agrarian Conflict, Ownership, Conflict Resolution.

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