Effect of Carbon Emission from Road Transportation When EEC Project Started in 2020



Diesel engines provide important fuel economy and durability advantages for large heavy-duty trucks, buses and another road transportation. On the other hand, they have the disadvantage of emitting significant amounts of Carbon dioxide (CO2). The main transportation of Thailand is land transportation by truck which causes air pollution. The reason for the study of this impact is that the researcher has anticipated the impact of air pollution caused by carbon emission from road transportation that will occur when the EEC (Eastern Economic Corridor) is launched. As the EEC development plan puts emphasis on industrial development especially fruit products with high potentiality in the EEC areas, it is essential to have the efficient logistics system to enhance the delivery to reach consumers quickly without changing the condition of the products. As a result, a large number of road transportation by truck resulted in the extensive emission of Carbon dioxide in the EEC areas. The study of the quantity of trucks using the highways in the EEC areas found that in 2019 the average number of trucks delivering products through highway route 7thbetween Bang Pakong and Nong-Ree is 42,000 trucks per day: 76.59 % of which are small diesel trucks and 23.41% are large diesel trucks (over 10 wheeler trucks). The study of the demand and supply of fruits that are anticipated to use the service in the EEC areas showed that the main economic fruits of the country are durian, pineapple, longan and mangoesteen. The study which summarized the forecast of the quantity of fresh fruit products and processed products in the target provinces showed that the quantify of the transportation grew by 5.509 % per year. The calculation of the data of health impact, the quantity of goods transportation in the Economic Fruit Corridor areas and the data of the impact from the study of medicine discovered that the area with the highest health impact is along highway route 7th between Bangpakong Nong-Ree. Exploration point is 45+400 the contamination of Carbon dioxide in the air is 84.73 ppm. because the average number of large trucks that use this area is as high as 6,828 trucks per day.

Keywords: Carbon Emissions, Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC), EEC Carbon Emissions Map sustainability.

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