Economic Political Factors in Agrarian Reform Policy in Indonesia. Case Study: Granting of Land Title Certificate for Badega Society, Garut Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia

ANRY FIRMANSYAH, RIO YUSRI MAULANA

Abstract


Agrarian reform not only understood as a policy for land redistribution, but also as a broader process such as access to natural resources, finance/capital, technology, goods and labor markets, as well as the distribution of political forces. Equitable distribution of land tenure in rural areas as a result of agrarian reform will result in an increase in people's welfare, agrarian conflicts that have actually occurred not only as a result of differences in perceptions of rights in the control and ownership of agrarian resources in one area between the government and the people. Often in the handling of agrarian disputes, legal aspects of formal legal evidence, always a reference for both parties. Consequently, the juridically weakened people in the evidence of ownership are always defeated or deliberately defeated in every lawsuit both in court and outside the court, in this context the influence of economic sources and their relationship to power becomes a critical aspect of the policy of agrarian reform in Indonesia especially for Badega society.

Keywords: Politics economy, land reform, agrarian conflict, social justice.

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