Nationalism, Patriotism and Attitude towards the European Union: An Irish Empirical Study



This paper aims to examine causal relationship of between national-related attitudes and attitude towards the EU. In addition, we also test the invariance of the measurement construct, which is the important requirement for the meaningful comparison of attitudes across groups within society. The Structure Equation Model is applied to the data set of the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) in 2013 on “National Identity” in the Republic of Ireland for the empirical study. The empirical results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) supported to the theoretical expectation. That are: (i) Correlation between nationalism and patriotism are found as positive and; (ii) Nationalism has negative effect on the attitude of the EU, while positive effect of patriotism is found. Furthermore, the invariance test implies that comparison of effect of latent factors (nationalism, patriotism and attitude towards the EU) on their indicators across groups are meaningful. However, there is no evidence ensuring for comparison of effect of nationalism, patriotism on attitude towards the EU.

Keywords: Nationalism, Patriotism, National Identity, Attitude towards the EU, CFA, ISSP 


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